Yield and Physicochemical Properties of EPS From Halomonas sp Strain TG39 Identifies a Role for Protein and Anionic Residues (Sulfate and Phosphate) in Emulsification of n-Hexadecane

Tony Gutierrez, Gordon Morris, David Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this Study, We investigated the yield and physicochemical properties of the high molecular weight extracellular polymeric substance (HMW-EPS) produced by Halomonas sp. strain TG39 When grown on different types and ratios of substrates, Glucose (1% w/v) and a peptone/yeast extract ratio of 5.1 (0.6% w/v final concentration) yielded an EPS fraction (HMW-glucose) exhibiting the highest anionic activity (20.5) and specific emulsifying activity (EI24 = 100%) compared to EPS produced by cells grown on mannitol, sucrose, malt extract or no carbon source. The HMW-EPS fractions were capable of binding approximate to 255-464 mg of methylene blue (MB) per gram of EPS, which represents the highest reported binding of MB by a bacterial EPS. A comparative evaluation of these properties to those of commercial hydrocolloids indicated that the combined effect of protein and anionic residues of the HMW-EPS contributed to its ability to emulsify n-hexadecane. Liquid chromatography revealed the HMW-glucose EPS to be a heterogeneous polymer with a polydispersity index of 1.8. This work presents evidence of a correlation between the anionic nature and protein content of bacterial EPS with its emulsifying qualities, and identifies EPS produced by strain TG39 as a high MB-binding bacterial sorbant With potential biotechnological application.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-216
Number of pages10
JournalBIOTECHNOL BIOENG
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • BIOEMULSIFIERS
  • METHANOLYSIS
  • Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
  • URONIC-ACID
  • MICROBIAL POLYSACCHARIDES
  • HYDROCARBONS
  • EURIHALINA
  • EXTRACELLULAR POLYSACCHARIDES
  • METHYLENE-BLUE
  • EMULSIFYING ACTIVITY
  • BACTERIAL EXOPOLYSACCHARIDES

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