Resultados vergenciales y disfunciones de las vergencias horizontales entre los estudiantes universitarios de primer año de Benin City, Nigeria

Translated title of the contribution: Vergence findings and horizontal vergence dysfunction among first year university students in Benin City, Nigeria

Godwin O. Ovenseri-Ogbomo, Ovigwe Peter Eguegu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose The study was designed to determine the prevalence of vergence dysfunctions among first year university students in Nigeria and to document the measures that define the vergence system of the visual system. Methods A cross-sectional study of first year students of the University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria, who presented for the mandatory eye examination as part of their medical examinations required for clearance was conducted. A battery of tests that defines the vergence system including near and far phoria, positive and negative fusional vergence amplitudes at far and near, near point of convergence (NPC) and AC/A ratio were measured using conventional clinical protocols. Results The prevalence of vergence dysfunction among 212 first year university students who satisfied the inclusion criteria and gave consent to participate was 12.7%, with convergence insufficiency being the most common vergence dysfunction. Blurred vision, headache and diplopia were the most frequently reported visual symptoms. Conclusion There is a considerable prevalence of previously undiagnosed vergence dysfunctions in this population of students. The study underscored the need to carry out a thorough binocular vision assessment as part of the battery of tests administered to newly admitted students in this community to forestall any adverse effect the presence of vergence dysfunctions might have on the academic activity of university students.

Translated title of the contributionVergence findings and horizontal vergence dysfunction among first year university students in Benin City, Nigeria
Original languageSpanish/español
Pages (from-to)258-263
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Optometry
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Convergence insufficiency
  • Fusional vergence
  • Phoria
  • University students
  • Vergence dysfunctions

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