Validation of a fish farm waste resuspension model by use of a particulate tracer discharged from a point source in a coastal environment

Chris J Cromey, Thom Nickell, Kenny Black, Paul G Provost, Colin Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To validate a resuspension model of particulate material (salmonid farm wastes), a IN fluorescent particle tracer was selected with similar settling characteristics. Tracer was introduced to the seabed (water depth similar to30 m) and sediment samples taken on days 0, 3, 10, 17 and 30 to measure the horizontal and vertical distribution of tracer in sediments. A concentric sampling grid was established at radii of 25, 50, 100, 150, 200, 400, 700 and 1,000 m from the source on transects 30degrees apart. The bulk of the deployed tracer was initially concentrated in an area 25 m radius from the release point; tracer was observed to steadily decrease to zero over a period of 30 days. In a 200 m region measured from the release point in the direction of the residual current, the redeposition of tracer was low. A Lagrangian particle tracking model was validated using these observed data by varying resuspension model parameters within limits to obtain the best agreement between spatial and temporal distributions. The validated model generally gave good predictions of total mass budgets (+/- 7% of total tracer released), particulary where tracer concentrations were high near the release point. Best fit model parameters (critical erosion shear stress = 0.018 N m(-2), erodibility constant = 60 g m (2) d (1)) are at the low end of reported parameters for coastal resuspension models. Such a low critical erosion shear stress indicates that the frequency of resuspension and deposition events for freshly deposited material is high.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)916-929
Number of pages14
JournalEstuaries
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • DISPERSION
  • SUSPENDED SEDIMENT TRANSPORT
  • Environmental Sciences
  • CHESAPEAKE BAY
  • Marine & Freshwater Biology
  • DEPOSITION
  • NEW-ZEALAND
  • DISPOSAL SITE
  • FINFISH AQUACULTURE
  • IMPACTS
  • ORGANIC-MATTER
  • TIDAL RESUSPENSION

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