Patterns of arsenic excretion were followed in a cohort (n = 6) eating a defined rice diet, 300 g per day d.wt. where arsenic speciation was characterized in cooked rice, following a period of abstinence from rice, and other high arsenic containing foods. A control group who did not consume rice were also monitored. The rice consumed in the study contained inorganic arsenic and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) at a ratio of 1:1, yet the urine speciation was dominated by DMA (90%). At steady state (rice consumption/urinary excretion) ∼40% of rice derived arsenic was excreted via urine. By monitoring of each urine pass throughout the day it was observed that there was considerable variation (up to 13-fold) for an individual's total arsenic urine content, and that there was a time dependent variation in urinary total arsenic content. This calls into question the robustness of routinely used first pass/spot check urine sampling for arsenic analysis.
Meharg, A. A., Williams, P. N., Deacon, C. M., Norton, G. J., Hossain, M., Louhing, D., Marwa, E., Lawgalwi, Y., Taggart, M., Cascio, C., & Haris, P. (2014). Urinary excretion of arsenic following rice consumption. Environmental Pollution, 194, 181-187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2014.07.031