Uptake, depuration, and radiation dose estimation in zebrafish exposed to radionuclides via aqueous or dietary routes

Helena C. Reinardy, Jean Louis Teyssie, Ross A. Jeffree, David Copplestone, Theodore B. Henry, Awadhesh N. Jha

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Abstract

Understanding uptake and depuration of radionuclides in organisms is necessary to relate exposure to radiation dose and ultimately to biological effects. We investigated uptake and depuration of a mixture of radionuclides to link bioaccumulation with radiation dose in zebrafish, Danio rerio. Adult zebrafish were exposed to radionuclides ( 54Mn, 60Co, 65Zn, 75Se, 109Cd, 110mAg, 134Cs and 241Am) at tracer levels (<200Bqg -1) for 14d, either via water or diet. Radioactivity concentrations were measured in whole body and excised gonads of exposed fish during uptake (14d) and depuration phases (47d and 42d for aqueous and dietary exposures respectively), and dose rates were modelled from activity concentrations in whole body and exposure medium (water or diet). After 14-day aqueous exposure, radionuclides were detected in decreasing activity concentrations: 75Se> 65Zn> 109Cd> 110mAg> 54Mn> 60Co> 241Am> 134Cs (range: 175-8Bqg 1). After dietary exposure the order of radionuclide activity concentration in tissues (Bqg -1) was: 65Zn> 60Co> 75Se> 109Cd> 110mAg> 241Am> 54Mn> 134Cs (range: 91-1Bqg -1). Aqueous exposure resulted in higher whole body activity concentrations for all radionuclides except 60Co. Route of exposure did not appear to influence activity concentrations in gonads, except for 54Mn, 65Zn, and 75Se, which had higher activity concentrations in gonads following aqueous exposure. Highest gonad activity concentrations (Bqg -1) were for 75Se (211), 109Cd (142), and 65Zn (117), and highest dose rates (-Gyh -1) were from 241Am (aqueous, 1050; diet 242). This study links radionuclide bioaccumulation data obtained in laboratory experiments with radiation dose determined by application of a dosimetry modelling tool, an approach that will enable better linkages to be made between exposure, dose, and effects of radionuclides in organisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3771-3779
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume409
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2011

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Keywords

  • Bioaccumulation
  • ERICA Tool\
  • Radiation dosimetry
  • Radionuclides
  • Zebrafish

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