Transformative governance for ocean biodiversity

Bolanle Erinosho, Hashali Hamukuaya, Claire Lajaunie, Alana Malinde S. N., Mitchell Lancaster Lennan, Pierre Mazzega, Elisa Morgera, Bernadette Snow

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The ocean’s enormity and depth are illustrated by the limited ability of humankind to comprehend it. The current science and policy seascape remains largely fragmented, and as a result the integrity of marine life and the well-being of those (human and nonhuman) dependent on a healthy ocean is being negatively impacted. Fragmented governance is an indirect driver of ocean biodiversity loss due to its inability to provide synergistic solutions to address simultaneously multiple direct drivers for such loss (overfishing, land-based and marine pollution, and climate change). This governance problem is well known (Kelly et al., 2019; Watson-Wright and Valdés, 2018), and to some extent it is being addressed in ongoing international negotiations on an international instrument on marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction (A/RES/72/249, 2017).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransforming Biodiversity Governance
EditorsIngrid J. Visseren-Hamakers, Marcel T. J. Kok
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISBN (Print)9781108856348
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2022


  • transformative governance
  • environmental law
  • ocean biodiversity
  • marine biodiversity
  • pollution
  • marine resources
  • climate change


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