The role of G-CSF in mature neutrophil function is not related to GM-CSF-type cell priming

A T Treweeke, K A Aziz, M Zuzel

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23 Citations (Scopus)


Because of uncertainties regarding the comparability of granulocyte-macrophage and granulocyte colony-stimulating factors with regard to their effects on mature neutrophils (PMNs), we compared the actions of the two cytokines on reactive oxidant production and granular secretion by these cells. We found that chemiluminescence (CL) stimulated by formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) was not influenced by G-CSF (0.1-100 ng/ml), whereas GM-CSF priming (10 ng/ml) caused a nearly twofold increase in this PMN response. Moreover, the reactivity of PMNs treated with GM-CSF and G-CSF in combination was not different from that of PMNs treated with GM-CSF alone. GM-CSF (10 ng/ml) increased the rate of O2- production by 79%, caused a fivefold increase in fMLP-induced myeloperoxidase (MPO) secretion, and strongly enhanced CD11b expression. In contrast, G-CSF (50 ng/ml) only slightly increased O2- production (by 15%), and MPO secretion and CD11b expression remained unchanged. Both cytokines together gave results similar to those obtained with GM-CSF alone. In the presence of platelets (which by themselves enhanced PMN reactivity), the differences in the effects of the two cytokines persisted. We conclude that the priming effect of G-CSF on mature PMNs is negligible compared with that of GM-CSF. Our results are in conflict with previous reports of much more pronounced G-CSF effects but in accord with recent work showing the failure of this cytokine to induce a range of effects produced by GM-CSF. We therefore suggest that the primary role of G-CSF in mature PMN function is still unclear but may be related to the control of PMN distribution in view of the mobilizing and marginating effects of the cytokine in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)612-6
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1994


  • Antigens, CD
  • Antigens, CD11
  • Bone Marrow Cells
  • Cell Separation
  • Colony-Forming Units Assay
  • Cytoplasmic Granules
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Granulocytes
  • Humans
  • Luminescent Measurements
  • Luminol
  • Macrophages
  • N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine
  • Neutrophils
  • Oxygen
  • Peroxidase


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