The role of dimethylsulphoxide in the marine biogeochemical cycle of dimethylsulphide

Angela Hatton, Louise Darroch, Gill Malin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dimethylsulphoxide ((CH3)(2)SO; DMSO) occurs naturally in marine and freshwater environments, rainwater, and the atmosphere. It is thought to be an environmentally significant compound due to the potential role it plays in the biogeochemical cycle of the climatically active trace gas, dimethylsulphide (DMS). Generally it has been assumed that the photochemical and bacterial oxidations of DMS to DMSO represent major sources of this compound and significant sinks for DMS in the marine environment. Conversely, it had also been suggested that DMSO may be a potential source for oceanic DMS. Recent research has improved understanding of the origin and fate of DMSO in sea water, although it seems likely that the full role of this compound may play in the marine sulphur cycle has still to be elucidated. The methods available for determining DMSO in aqueous samples and current knowledge of the distribution of DMSO in marine waters are reviewed. Mechanisms for DMSO production and loss pathways are also considered, as well as the possible role of this compound may play in the cycling of DMS and global climate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-56
Number of pages28
JournalOCEANOGR MAR BIOL
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • TRIMETHYLAMINE-N-OXIDE
  • RHODOBACTER-CAPSULATUS
  • IRON-SULFUR MOLYBDOENZYME
  • AQUEOUS-SOLUTION
  • ESCHERICHIA-COLI
  • NORTHERN NORTH-SEA
  • Marine & Freshwater Biology
  • ATMOSPHERIC SULFUR
  • SEASONAL-VARIATION
  • Oceanography
  • HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE
  • DIMETHYLSULFONIOPROPIONATE DMSP

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