The Ectocarpus Genome and Brown Algal Genomics: The Ectocarpus Genome Consortium

J. Mark Cock, Lieven Sterck, Sophia Ahmed, Andrew E. Allen, Grigoris Amoutzias, Veronique Anthouard, Francois Artiguenave, Alok Arun, Jean-Marc Aury, Jonathan H. Badger, Bank Beszteri, Kenny Billiau, Eric Bonnet, John H. Bothwell, Chris Bowler, Catherine Boyen, Colin Brownlee, Carl J. Carrano, Benedicte Charrier, Ga Youn ChoSusana M. Coelho, Jonas Collen, Gildas Le Corguille, Erwan Corre, Laurence Dartevelle, Corinne Da Silva, Ludovic Delage, Nicolas Delaroque, Simon M. Dittami, Sylvie Doulbeau, Marek Elias, Garry Farnham, Claire M. M. Gachon, Olivier Godfroy, Bernhard Gschloessl, Svenja Heesch, Kamel Jabbari, Claire Jubin, Hiroshi Kawai, Kei Kimura, Bernard Kloareg, Frithjof C. Kuepper, Daniel Lang, Aude Le Bail, Remy Luthringer, Catherine Leblanc, Patrice Lerouge, Martin Lohr, Pascal J. Lopez, Nicolas Macaisne, Cindy Martens, Florian Maumus, Gurvan Michel, Diego Miranda-Saavedra, Julia Morales, Herve Moreau, Taizo Motomura, Chikako Nagasato, Carolyn A. Napoli, David R. Nelson, Pi Nyvall-Collen, Akira F. Peters, Cyril Pommier, Philippe Potin, Julie Poulain, Hadi Quesneville, Betsy Read, Stefan A. Rensing, Andres Ritter, Sylvie Rousvoal, Manoj Samanta, Gaelle Samson, Declan C. Schroeder, Delphine Scornet, Beatrice Segurens, Martina Strittmatter, Thierry Tonon, James W. Tregear, Klaus Valentin, Peter Von Dassow, Takahiro Yamagishi, Pierre Rouze, Yves Van de Peer, Patrick Wincker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brown algae are important organisms both because of their key ecological roles in coastal ecosystems and because of the remarkable biological features that they have acquired during their unusual evolutionary history. The recent sequencing of the complete genome of the filamentous brown alga Ectocarpus has provided unprecedented access to the molecular processes that underlie brown algal biology. Analysis of the genome sequence, which exhibits several unusual structural features, identified genes that are predicted to play key roles in several aspects of brown algal metabolism, in the construction of the multicellular bodyplan and in resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Information from the genome sequence is currently being used in combination with other genomic, genetic and biochemical tools to further investigate these and other aspects of brown algal biology at the molecular level. Here, we review some of the major discoveries that emerged from the analysis of the Ectocarpus genome sequence, with a particular focus on the unusual genome structure, inferences about brown algal evolution and novel aspects of brown algal metabolism.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Botanical Research
Subtitle of host publicationGenomic insights into the biology of algae
PublisherElsevier
Chapter5
Pages141-184
Number of pages44
Volume64
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-391499-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameAdvances in Botanical Research

Keywords

  • brown algae
  • cell biology
  • cell signalling
  • Ectocarpus
  • Eukaryotic evolution
  • Genome
  • Heterokont
  • Matabolism
  • Phaeophyceae
  • Stramenopile

Cite this

Cock, J. M., Sterck, L., Ahmed, S., Allen, A. E., Amoutzias, G., Anthouard, V., Artiguenave, F., Arun, A., Aury, J-M., Badger, J. H., Beszteri, B., Billiau, K., Bonnet, E., Bothwell, J. H., Bowler, C., Boyen, C., Brownlee, C., Carrano, C. J., Charrier, B., ... Wincker, P. (2012). The Ectocarpus Genome and Brown Algal Genomics: The Ectocarpus Genome Consortium. In Advances in Botanical Research: Genomic insights into the biology of algae (Vol. 64, pp. 141-184). (Advances in Botanical Research). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-391499-6.00005-0