The development and use of a multiple-choice question (mcq) assessment to foster deeper learning: an exploratory web-based qualitative investigation

Davies Gareth, Hereward Proops, Clare Carolan

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Abstract

This paper reports on the development and piloting of a new model of multiple-choice question (MCQ) assessment used in two undergraduate degree modules at a tertiary university. The new model was purposefully designed to promote deeper learning closely aligned with the SOLO taxonomy. Students were invited to participate in an exploratory qualitative study exploring their experience of learning using this new assessment. In total, 13 students completed an online open-ended qualitative questionnaire. Data was analyzed thematically. Four themes were generated: (a) empowered choice, (b) iterative reading, (c) forcing comparison, and (d) justified understandings. Findings suggest that the new model MCQ assessment promoted wider and more prolonged engagement with learning materials and fostered critical comparisons resulting in deeper learning. Limitations in study design mean that further research is merited to develop our model of MCQ assessment and enhance our understanding of students' learning experience.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Teaching and Learning
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2020

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