Between December 1999 and May 2000, a series of archaeological excavations and an architectural survey were undertaken in and around the Tolbooth in Stirling prior to the complete renovation of the building. The excavations uncovered information relating to the initial construction of the Tolbooth and to subsequent phases of rebuilding, repair and extension. They also uncovered evidence for the use of the site prior to its construction. Several stone-built foundations were discovered that relate to medieval tenements on the site, while metalworking remains suggest industrial activity to the rear of the tenements. In addition, historical records refer to executed prisoners being buried within the confines of the Tolbooth, and a burial was recovered from beneath the floor of the building.