Sugar, Slave-Owning, Suriname and the Dutch Imperial Entanglement of the Scottish Highlands before 1707

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This article uncovers the Scottish Highlands’ earliest-known overseas slave-owning circle and the imperial entanglement with the Dutch Empire and its sugar on which this depended. It thus provides a case study of the transnational, Dutch-influenced nature of commerce in a non-metropolitan part of northern Europe in the later seventeenth century. The article highlights two interconnected contemporary developments: the engagement of Highland migrants or exiles in the sugar-based enslavement of African and indigenous populations in Suriname; the region’s heavy reliance on the importation of sugar with origins in the Dutch Atlantic plantations. In this way, the article illuminates both north Highland agency in the oppressions of the ‘triangular trade’, and its merchant community’s opting for Dutch over Lowland Scottish-refined sugar when supplying and encouraging local demand at that time. Taken together, this demonstrates the early enmeshment of the region in transnational ‘circuits’ of slave-owning and the interconnected seepage of sugar across broader sections of the northern European economy than previously considered. A Scottish Highland-led circle is shown to have grown prior to the formal creation of the British Empire, simultaneous with the commercial activity of Dutch Suriname-based sugar planter, Henry MacKintosh, who developed strong ties linking the colony with New England, Rotterdam, and his home burgh of Inverness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-20
Number of pages17
JournalDutch Crossing
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Suriname
slave
Northern Europe
exile
oppression
seventeenth century
commerce
overseas
migrant
economy
demand
Slaves
Entanglement
Scottish Highlands
time

Keywords

  • Dutch Empire
  • Scotland
  • Suriname
  • empire
  • slavery
  • sugar

Cite this

@article{318227d44ac84909bb15840817b90761,
title = "Sugar, Slave-Owning, Suriname and the Dutch Imperial Entanglement of the Scottish Highlands before 1707",
abstract = "This article uncovers the Scottish Highlands’ earliest-known overseas slave-owning circle and the imperial entanglement with the Dutch Empire and its sugar on which this depended. It thus provides a case study of the transnational, Dutch-influenced nature of commerce in a non-metropolitan part of northern Europe in the later seventeenth century. The article highlights two interconnected contemporary developments: the engagement of Highland migrants or exiles in the sugar-based enslavement of African and indigenous populations in Suriname; the region’s heavy reliance on the importation of sugar with origins in the Dutch Atlantic plantations. In this way, the article illuminates both north Highland agency in the oppressions of the ‘triangular trade’, and its merchant community’s opting for Dutch over Lowland Scottish-refined sugar when supplying and encouraging local demand at that time. Taken together, this demonstrates the early enmeshment of the region in transnational ‘circuits’ of slave-owning and the interconnected seepage of sugar across broader sections of the northern European economy than previously considered. A Scottish Highland-led circle is shown to have grown prior to the formal creation of the British Empire, simultaneous with the commercial activity of Dutch Suriname-based sugar planter, Henry MacKintosh, who developed strong ties linking the colony with New England, Rotterdam, and his home burgh of Inverness.",
keywords = "Dutch Empire, Scotland, Suriname, empire, slavery, sugar",
author = "David Worthington",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1080/03096564.2019.1616141",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "3--20",
journal = "Dutch Crossing",
issn = "0309-6564",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "1",

}

Sugar, Slave-Owning, Suriname and the Dutch Imperial Entanglement of the Scottish Highlands before 1707. / Worthington, David.

In: Dutch Crossing, Vol. 44, No. 1, 2019, p. 3-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sugar, Slave-Owning, Suriname and the Dutch Imperial Entanglement of the Scottish Highlands before 1707

AU - Worthington, David

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - This article uncovers the Scottish Highlands’ earliest-known overseas slave-owning circle and the imperial entanglement with the Dutch Empire and its sugar on which this depended. It thus provides a case study of the transnational, Dutch-influenced nature of commerce in a non-metropolitan part of northern Europe in the later seventeenth century. The article highlights two interconnected contemporary developments: the engagement of Highland migrants or exiles in the sugar-based enslavement of African and indigenous populations in Suriname; the region’s heavy reliance on the importation of sugar with origins in the Dutch Atlantic plantations. In this way, the article illuminates both north Highland agency in the oppressions of the ‘triangular trade’, and its merchant community’s opting for Dutch over Lowland Scottish-refined sugar when supplying and encouraging local demand at that time. Taken together, this demonstrates the early enmeshment of the region in transnational ‘circuits’ of slave-owning and the interconnected seepage of sugar across broader sections of the northern European economy than previously considered. A Scottish Highland-led circle is shown to have grown prior to the formal creation of the British Empire, simultaneous with the commercial activity of Dutch Suriname-based sugar planter, Henry MacKintosh, who developed strong ties linking the colony with New England, Rotterdam, and his home burgh of Inverness.

AB - This article uncovers the Scottish Highlands’ earliest-known overseas slave-owning circle and the imperial entanglement with the Dutch Empire and its sugar on which this depended. It thus provides a case study of the transnational, Dutch-influenced nature of commerce in a non-metropolitan part of northern Europe in the later seventeenth century. The article highlights two interconnected contemporary developments: the engagement of Highland migrants or exiles in the sugar-based enslavement of African and indigenous populations in Suriname; the region’s heavy reliance on the importation of sugar with origins in the Dutch Atlantic plantations. In this way, the article illuminates both north Highland agency in the oppressions of the ‘triangular trade’, and its merchant community’s opting for Dutch over Lowland Scottish-refined sugar when supplying and encouraging local demand at that time. Taken together, this demonstrates the early enmeshment of the region in transnational ‘circuits’ of slave-owning and the interconnected seepage of sugar across broader sections of the northern European economy than previously considered. A Scottish Highland-led circle is shown to have grown prior to the formal creation of the British Empire, simultaneous with the commercial activity of Dutch Suriname-based sugar planter, Henry MacKintosh, who developed strong ties linking the colony with New England, Rotterdam, and his home burgh of Inverness.

KW - Dutch Empire

KW - Scotland

KW - Suriname

KW - empire

KW - slavery

KW - sugar

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066111502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066111502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/03096564.2019.1616141

DO - 10.1080/03096564.2019.1616141

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 3

EP - 20

JO - Dutch Crossing

JF - Dutch Crossing

SN - 0309-6564

IS - 1

ER -