Study Methods: Field Equipment, Sampling and Methods

Anita Franco, Michael Elliott, Piero Franzoi, Andy Nunn, Bernd Hänfling, Steve Colclough, Mike Young

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Citations (Scopus)


This appendix examines the field methods for fish monitoring in estuaries, including 'traditional' sampling techniques (nets and traps), and the more recent acoustic and visual detection, and DNA-based methods. The features, advantages and disadvantages of each technique are presented (e.g. applicability to given habitat conditions, selectivity, efficiency, standardisation and fitness-for-purpose for recording different aspects of fish ecology), with best practice examples from study cases worldwide. The context of monitoring strategies for fish in estuaries, including legislative constraints and requirements, as well as key considerations for designing a fish monitoring programme (e.g. spatial and temporal variability) is also given.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFish and Fisheries in Estuaries
Subtitle of host publicationA Global Perspective
EditorsAlan K Whitfield, Kenneth W Able, Stephen J M Blaber
ChapterAppendix A
Number of pages67
ISBN (Electronic)9781119705345
ISBN (Print)9781444336672
Publication statusPublished - 18 Feb 2022


  • Acoustic detection
  • Environmental DNA
  • Fish monitoring
  • Nets
  • Sampling
  • Tagging
  • Traps
  • Visual detection


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