management and governance, from an ecosystem-based perspective, using objective and evidence based criteria. The survey was completed by ecosystem experts (managers and scientists) and results analysed using ranking and multivariate methods. Results were further examined for selected ecosystems, using expert knowledge, to explore the overall findings in greater depth. Higher scores for ‘Management Effectiveness’ and ‘Governance Quality’ were significantly and positively related to ecosystems with better ecological status. Key factors that point to success in delivering fisheries and conservation objectives were the use of reference points for management, frequent review of stock assessments, whether Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) catches were being accounted for and addressed, and the inclusion of a wide group of stakeholders. Additionally, we found that the implementation of a long-term management plan, including economic and social dimensions of fisheries
in exploited ecosystems, was a key factor in successful fisheries management. Our results support the thesis that good ecosystem-based management and governance, and healthy ecosystems go together.
- Ecological indicator
- Ecosystem-based fisheries management
- Expert evaluation
- Fisheries governance quality
- Fisheries management effectiveness
- Socioeconomic indicators