Soil heterogeneity effects on O-2 distribution and CH4 emissions from wetlands: In situ and mesocosm studies with planar O-2 optodes and membrane inlet mass spectrometry

L Askaer, B Elberling, Ronnie Glud, M Kuhl, F R Lauritsen, H R Joensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The importance of soil heterogeneity for methane emission from a wetland soil is assessed by in situ point measurements of depth-specific O-2 and CH4 concentrations and simultaneous soil CH4 fluxes at contrasting water levels. Profile measurements, and associated assumptions in their interpretation, were validated in a controlled mesocosm drainage and saturation experiment applying planar O-2 optodes and membrane inlet mass spectrometry. Results show that peat soil is heterogeneous containing dynamic macropore systems created by both macrofauna and flora, which facilitate preferential flow of water, O-2 and CH4 and vary temporally with changes in the moisture regime. The O-2 content above the water table after drainage varied horizontally from 0 to 100% air saturation within few mm. Oxic zones were observed below the water level and anoxic zones were observed in layers above the water level in periods up to days after changes in the water level. This study shows that although water table position is a competent proxy of soil CH4 fluxes at larger spatio-temporal scales, it becomes inadequate at higher spatial resolution, i.e. at the scale of the soil pedon and below. High resolution O-2 measurements using planar O-2 optodes have great potential to enhance our understanding of the effect of the water table position on O-2 dynamics on scales of several cm to mm in wetland soils. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2254-2265
Number of pages12
JournalSOIL BIOL BIOCHEM
Volume42
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES
  • ORGANIC-CARBON
  • NATURAL WETLANDS
  • METHANE PRODUCTION
  • OXYGEN DISTRIBUTION
  • DYNAMICS
  • Soil Science
  • SEA
  • SEDIMENTS
  • NORTHERN PEATLANDS
  • PORE-WATER EXCHANGE

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