‘SmartFauna’: a microscale GIS-based multi-dimensional approach to faunal deposition at the Ness of Brodgar, Orkney

Ingrid Mainland, Nick Card, mary saunders, Cecily Webster, leif Isaksen, Jane Downes, Mark Eric Littlewood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Recent technological advances in survey and computing are opening up new opportunities for the accurate spatial recovery and recording of archaeological materials during excavation. These have the potential to revolutionise understanding of depositional practices and (other such) taphonomic processes which create the deposits and sites that archaeologists explore. This article
summarises a new methodological approach to the recovery and analysis of faunal remains which enables a highly accurate 3-D spatial analysis of any patterning in bone deposited within archaeological layers using a combination of high resolution survey techniques for the recovery of animal bones, 'bridging' software and a high end GIS package. Application of this methodology to
archaeological deposits from the Ness of Brodgar in Orkney has provided evidence for deliberate placement of selected cattle and red deer remains, suggesting that these species were of central importance in Late Neolithic society.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberJASC13-386R1
Pages (from-to)868
Number of pages878
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Archaeozoology
  • Taphonomy
  • GIS
  • Neolithic
  • Orkney

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