Simultaneous measurements of fluorescence and beam attenuation: Instrument characterization and interpretation signals from stratified coastal waters

David McKee, Alex Cunningham, Ken Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrographic (conductivity, temperature, depth), optical (fluorescence and beam attenuation) and chemical (suspended particulate material, chlorophyll, gelbstoff) observations were made in sea lochs off the west coast of Scotland. A strong link was observed between hydrographic and optical layering in these waters. In order to assist the interpretation of the optical data, relationships between fluorescence and extracted chlorophyll and dry weight and beam attenuation were determined in the laboratory for five species of cultured phytoplankton and three types of inorganic particles. The inherent variation in these relationships from one class of material to another precluded the development of generally applicable algorithms for retrieving mass concentrations from 2-parameter optical data. However the instrument calibrations were used to partition a bivariate plot of fluorescence against attenuation on which the in situ data formed well defined clusters. This made it possible to deduce distribution profiles of phytoplankton and suspended sediment in the water column. The results indicate that even in the absence of absolute calibrations, multiparameter optical measurements can provide valuable information on fine-scale variations in seawater composition, and enhance the identification and discrimination of water masses in fjords and other highly structured water bodies. (C) 1999 Academic Press.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-58
Number of pages8
JournalESTUAR COAST SHELF S
Volume48
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Marine & Freshwater Biology
  • MATTER
  • Oceanography
  • MODEL
  • LOCHS
  • CLYDE SEA

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