SEASONAL-VARIATION IN SOME POPULATION PARAMETERS OF EUCHAETA SPECIES (COPEPODA, CALANOIDA)

J Mauchline

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies of the biology of oceanic copepods are few relative to those of coastal species. Females of the genus Euchaeta have spermatophores attached to the genital somite by the male and carry their broods of eggs attached to this somite, so defining the breeding season. Populations of E. norvegica in the fjordic environment of Loch Etive (collected between 1971 and 1974 and from 1978 to 1979), Scotland and in the marginal oceanic region of the Rockall Trough, northeastern Atlantic Ocean (collected between 1973 and 1976) and of a further eight species of Euchaeta in the Trough are examined. Seasonal changes in the incidence of egg masses and spermatophores attached to the females, sex ratio and population numbers are determined. Sampling errors in the estimation of these parameters are larger in the oceanic Rockall Trough. The Loch Etive populations of E. norvegica produce two generations per year with a proportion, variable between years, of the population producing a third generation. This species produces a single annual generation in the Rockall Trough as do E. acuta and E. pseudotonsa. Two generations per year are probably passed through by E. gracilis in the Trough while the large bathypelagic E. sal-si may produce a single generation in the autumn of every second year. The other bathypelagic species, E. barbata, E. scotti, E. abbreviata and E. longissima, breed continuously throughout the year and no estimate of their generation times is possible. Consequently, this approach to population analysis is useful where breeding is seasonal, but resolving generation time in bathypelagic crustaceans remains a problem.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-570
Number of pages10
JournalMAR BIOL
Volume120
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • PACIFIC
  • CYCLES
  • Marine & Freshwater Biology
  • GEORGIA
  • RECTANGULAR MIDWATER TRAWLS
  • PLUMCHRUS
  • OCEAN
  • GRAZING COPEPODS
  • LIFE-HISTORY
  • BIOLOGY

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