Scotland's first farmers: New insights into early farming practices in North-west Europe

Rosie Bishop, Darren Gröcke, Ian Ralston, Clarke David, Daniel Lee, Alexandra Shepherd, Antonia Thomas, Peter Rowley-Conwy, Mike Church

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
103 Downloads (Pure)


Thirty years after the discovery of an Early Neolithic timber hall at Balbridie in Scotland was reported in Antiquity, new analysis of the site's archaeobotanical assemblage, featuring 20 000 cereal grains preserved when the building burnt down in the early fourth millennium BC, provide new insights into early farming practices. The results of stable isotope analyses of cereals from Balbridie, alongside archaeobotanical and stable isotope results from three other sites, indicate that while cereals were successfully cultivated in well-established plots without manuring at Balbridie, a variety of manuring strategies was implemented at the other sites. These differences reinforce the picture of variability in cultivation practices across Neolithic North-west Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2022


  • Orkney
  • Archaeology
  • Neolithic
  • Farming
  • NW Europe


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