Scoping the background information for an ecosystem approach to fisheries in Scottish waters: Review of predator-prey interactions with fisheries, and balanced harvesting. Project report Fisheries Innovation Scotland: contract FIS013.

Michael R. Heath, Law Robin, Searle Kate, Robin Cook, Dougie Speirs, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Kieran Hyder, John K. Pinnegar, Robert Thorpe, Diele Karen, Peter Wright, James Thorburn, Robert Arthur, Paul Macdonald, Beth Mouat, Clive Fox, Johanna Heymans, Ken Coull, Peter Evans & 5 others Paul Fernandes, Philip Hammond, Sophie Smout, Jeppe Kolding, Dave Reid

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


Marine ecosystems are inevitably affected by fishing because this involves the removal of a portion of the natural production to meet the human need for food. Through most of the 20th century, fisheries management has focused on regulating harvesting to secure the long-term sustainability of targeted fish stocks, but has assumed that these exist in isolation from the rest of the ecosystem. In reality, fishing practices have, through a variety of processes, affected the functioning of the ecosystem as a whole by impacting on a wide range of non-target species. In many cases this has undermined the productivity of targeted fish stocks and compromised other qualities and services provided by the ecosystem that human societies also value.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherFisheries Innovation Scotland
Number of pages60
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017



  • fisheries economics
  • Fisheries management

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