Introduction: Scandinavia and the Baltic experienced significant change during the medieval period, including its perception by other European peoples. At the beginning of the period, it was a region largely unknown to the literate societies in the west. By the end of the medieval era, it was a known entity that had been largely integrated into the west European system both culturally and economically. This change occurred during three major periods of trade, cultural exchange, and armed conflict: the so-called Viking Age, which was centered in Scandinavia but also impacted upon other areas of the Baltic, the Northern Crusades, and the formation of the Hanseatic League.
|Title of host publication||The Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology|
|Subtitle of host publication||Medieval Archaeology|
|Editors||Claire Smith, Tadhg O'Keeffe|
|Place of Publication||New York|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|