S-nitrosothiols cause prolonged, nitric oxide-mediated relaxation in human saphenous vein and internal mammary artery: therapeutic potential in bypass surgery

N Sogo, C Campanella, D J Webb, I L Megson

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Abstract

1. Reduced endothelial nitric oxide (NO) production in conduit vessels for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been implicated in post-operative complications, including spasm. 2. The brief effects of existing NO donors limits their applicability to improving patency of graft vessels. RIG200 is a novel S-nitrosothiol that might have advantages over conventional drugs because it has sustained effects in areas of endothelial damage. 3. Here we tested the hypothesis that RIG200 and S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) have prolonged, NO-mediated effects in human saphenous vein (SV) and internal mammary artery (IMA), compared with glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP). 4. 84 SV and 80 IMA rings from 64 patients undergoing CABG were studied in vitro. Rings were precontracted with phenylephrine (EC(80) concentration) and the functional integrity of the endothelium tested with acetylcholine (10 microM). 5. Relaxation of precontracted SV and IMA rings to GTN and SNP (0.01 - 10 microM) generally recovered fully on washout. In contrast, responses to RIG200 and GSNO were sustained during washout (30 min). Sustained relaxation was reversed by the NO scavenger, ferrohaemoglobin (10 microM) but not by the NO synthase inhibitor, N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (100 and 250 microM in SV and IMA respectively). 6. Pretreatment (30 min) of SV with both S-nitrosothiols (10 microM) inhibited phenylephrine-induced contraction for >180 min, compared with
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1236-44
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume131
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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