PURPOSE: Quality of life can be negatively impacted by the formation of a stoma and is influenced by a number of factors. Research to date treats people with a stoma as a homogenous group based on their quality of life. We attempted to identify subgroups based upon self-reported quality of life and explored variables associated with group membership.
METHODS: The present study is a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional sample of 1419 people with a stoma. Participants completed validated questionnaires for quality of life, physical activity and clinical and demographic characteristics. Latent profile analysis was used to identify the optimal number of subgroups (profiles) and multinomial regression modelling was conducted to identify variables associated with profile membership.
RESULTS: The analysis revealed 4 distinct profiles of people with a stoma: 'consistently good quality of life' [N = 891 (62.8%)], 'some quality of life concerns' [N = 184 (13.0%)], 'low quality of life' [N = 181 (12.8%)] and 'financial concerns' [N = 163 (11.5%)]. Modelling revealed that people with a recent stoma (formed < 2 years previously), who have a hernia and are less physically active were more likely to belong to the 'low quality of life' profile. Furthermore, those aged 16-55 were more likely to have financial concerns.
CONCLUSION: This study was the first to identify latent profiles within this population and assess whether certain variables are associated with membership. Future research should build upon this to identify additional variables associated with these profiles, which can help to provide the basis for targeting and tailoring future interventions to specific subgroups of people with a stoma.
|Journal||Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 25 Feb 2022|