Post-glacial depositional processes in a glacially-overdeepened sea loch, upper Loch Etive, Western Scotland.

John Howe, Tracy Shimmield, William E N Austin, Oddva Longva

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Abstract

A high-resolution seismic and gravity coring survey has been conducted on inner, and part of outer Loch Etive, a 30 km long, 150 m deep sea loch on the west coast of Scotland, The seismic reflection profiles reveal a 30-60 in thick sediment pile that has accumulated on the floor of the loch since the last (Younger Dryas stadial) glacial re-advance 11-10 ka BP. Four seismic facies have been identified grouped into two seismic sequences, A and B, which are separated by a distinct reflector termed 'El'. A highly reflective facies is interpreted as direct river input, an acoustically well-laminated, draped facies interpreted as fine-grained river sediments and a well-laminated to transparent facies interpreted as glaciomarine and glaciolacustrine. Throughout the loch, methane gas-rich sediments occur producing a chaotic seismic facies. The transition from glacially-influenced to river-dominated deposition is displayed by the seismic reflector El. Core analysis identified eight lithofacies, The oldest sediments are grey muddy sands and olive sandy silts, overlain by younger laminated greeny-grey muddy sand and greeny-grey and greeny-black homogeneous watery sandy mud. Abundant shell material is present throughout, notably the bivalve Arctica islandica, from which a C-14 age of 9490+/-90 yr BP was obtained from the laminated greeny-grey muddy sands. The sediments are interpreted as being of glaciomarine and glaciolacustrine (Younger Dryas to early-mid Holocene) and more modern riverine-derived origin (mid-latest Holocene). (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-433
Number of pages17
JournalMAR GEOL
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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Keywords

  • Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
  • Oceanography
  • STRATIGRAPHY
  • FJORDS
  • SEDIMENTS

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