Possible association of catecholamine turnover with the polymorphic (TCAT)n repeat in the first intron of the human tyrosine hydroxylase gene

J Wei, C N Ramchand, G P Hemmings

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Abstract

Five allelic fragments were typed by a PCR-based process with a pair of primers specific for the polymorphic sequence due to (TCAT)n tetranucleotide repeat, a microsatellite repeat, in the first intron of the human tyrosine hydroxylase gene, i.e. A1, A2, A3, A4 and A5. Comparisons of some neurochemical parameters of the catecholamine pathway were then made between the unrelated individuals genotypically classified into six subgroups, five homozygotic and one heterozygotic. Among the six subgroups, the individuals with the A2/A2 genotype had the highest levels of serum noradrenaline and those with the A4/A4 genotype had the lowest, and the individuals with the A1/A1 genotype had the highest levels of serum homovanillic acid. These findings suggest that polymorphism of the (TCAT)n repeat in the first intron of the human tyrosine hydroxylase gene may be associated with catecholamine turnover. Possibly, the two alleles, A2 and A4, may be related to the high and low excitabilities of the noradrenergic nerves, respectively, and the allele, A1, may be associated with the up-regulation of dopamine turnover.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1341-7
Number of pages7
JournalHistory and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Volume61
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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Keywords

  • Adult
  • Catecholamines
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Introns
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase

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