Plankton community respiration during a coccolithophore bloom.

Carol Robinson, Claire Widdicombe, Michael Zubkov, Glen Tarran, Axel Miller, Andrew Rees

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Abstract

Plankton dark community respiration (DCR), gross production (GP), bacterial production, protozoan berbivory, and phytoplankton, microzooplankton and heterotrophic bacterial abundance were measured during a bloom of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi. The study, which was conducted in the northern North Sea during June 1999, included a spatial survey and a 6-day Lagrangian time series informed by a sulphur hexafluoride (SF6 ) tracer-release experiment. E huxleyi abundance in surface waters ranged from 380 to 3000 cells ml(-1), while DCR varied between 2 and 4mmol O-2 m(-3) d(-1) and GP between 2 and 5 mmol O-2 m(-3) d(-1). Euphotic zone integrated DCR and GP were in approximate balance, with a mean (+/-SD) P:R ratio of 0.9 +/- 0.4 (n = 9). However, highest GP occurred at the surface alongside maxima of E. huxleyi, whereas highest rates of DCR occurred at depths of 25-30 m associated with maxima in chlorophyll a and bacterial biomass. DCR was positively correlated with bacterial biomass, microzooplankton biomass, attenuance, particulate organic carbon, and chlorophyll a concentration; and negatively correlated with apparent oxygen utilisation. DCR was not correlated with in situ temperature, dissolved organic carbon concentration or E. huxleyi abundance. Asimilar to100h incubation of 0.8mum filtered seawater enabled the estimation of a bacterial respiratory quotient (RQ) and growth efficiency (BGE) from the slopes of the linear regressions of the decrease in dissolved oxygen and increase in dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and bacterial carbon with time. During this experiment the bacterial RQ was 0.69 and the growth efficiency was 18%. This measured BGE was used in comparison with literature values to apportion DCR to that associated with bacterial (13-71%), microzooplankton (10-50%), and algal (11-28%) activity. This accounting exercise compared well with measured DCR (to within +/-50%), the exact calculation being highly dependent on the BGE used. (C) 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2929-2950
Number of pages22
JournalDEEP-SEA RES PT II
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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Keywords

  • ESTIMATING BACTERIAL PRODUCTION
  • GROWTH EFFICIENCY
  • EMILIANIA-HUXLEYI
  • REDFIELD RATIOS
  • NORTHERN NORTH-SEA
  • Oceanography
  • TIME-SERIES
  • INORGANIC CARBON
  • COASTAL WATERS
  • PARTICULATE ORGANIC-CARBON
  • ATLANTIC-OCEAN

Cite this

Robinson, C., Widdicombe, C., Zubkov, M., Tarran, G., Miller, A., & Rees, A. (2002). Plankton community respiration during a coccolithophore bloom. DEEP-SEA RES PT II, (9), 2929-2950. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00064-4