Some extant deep-sea shrimp are known to be descended from shallow-water ancestors that adapted to environmental conditions (constant low temperature and high hydrostatic pressure) in the deep sea. During acclimation to low temperature and high hydrostatic pressure representative of the deep-sea, critical thermal tolerance decreases and critical pressure tolerance increases in the shallow-water shrimp Palaemon varians. It has been suggested that these shifts may depend in part on adjustments to phospholipid fatty acid composition and/or metabolic adjustments. Here, we present evidence that metabolic rate does not change during sustained exposure to low temperature (5 °C) in the shallow-water shrimp Palaemon varians, and that metabolic rate and acute environmental tolerances are not correlated during sustained exposure to low temperature, suggesting that standard metabolic rate does not affect acute environmental tolerances. In contrast, we present evidence that phospholipid fatty acid composition does shift during sustained exposure to low temperature. Desaturation of fatty acids during sustained exposure to low temperature supports the suggestion that cell lipid bilayer homeoviscous modifications are important in low temperature acclimation. Shifts in several individual phospholipid fatty acids during sustained low temperature exposure are correlated with critical thermal tolerance. Exploring the greater complexity apparent in the responses of these phospholipid fatty acids to sustained low temperature exposures suggests a potential homeostatic impact moderating adverse impacts on nervous system function. However, shifts in phospholipid fatty acids are not correlated with critical pressure tolerance during exposure to low temperature, suggesting that shifts in critical pressure tolerance are related to modifications other than cell lipid bilayer composition.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology|
|Early online date||18 May 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2020|
- Deep sea
- Shallow water