Oxygen dynamics around buried lesser sandeel, Ammodytes tobianus (Linnaeus, 1785): Mode of ventilation and metabolic requirements.

J Behrens, Henrik Stahl, John Fleng Steffensen, Ronnie Glud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oxygen environment around buried sandeels (Ammodytes tobianus) was monitored by planar optodes. The oxygen penetration depth at the sediment interface was only a few mm. Thus fish, typically buried at 1-4 cm depth, were generally in anoxic sediment. However, they induced an advective transport through the permeable interstice and formed an inverted cone of porewater with 93% air saturation in front of the mouth. From dye experiments the mean ventilatory flow rate was estimated at 0.26 +/- 0.02 ml min(-1) (86.9 +/- 7.3 ml min(-1) kg(-1)) (N=3). Expelled water from the gills induced a 1 cm circular plume with <15% air saturation around the gills. During this quasi-steady ventilation mode, fish extracted 86.2 +/- 4.8% (N=7) of the oxygen from the inspired water. However, 13% of the investigated fish (2 of 15) occasionally wriggled their bodies and thereby transported almost fully air-saturated water down along the body, referred to as 'plume ventilation'. Yet, within similar to 30 min the oxic plume was replenished by oxygen-depleted water from the gills. The potential for cutaneous respiration by the buried fish was thus of no quantitative importance. Calculations derived by three independent methods (each with N=3) revealed that the oxygen uptake of sandeel buried for 6-7 h was 40-50% of previous estimates on resting respirometry of non-buried fish, indicating lower O-2 requirements during burial on a diurnal timescale. Buried fish exposed to decreasing oxygen tensions gradually approached the sediment surface, but remained in the sediment until the inspired water reached 5-10% air saturation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006-1214
Number of pages209
JournalJ EXP BIOL
Issue number0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • RESPIRATION
  • GRADED HYPOXIA
  • PLEURONECTES-PLATESSA
  • O-2 EXTRACTION
  • HYPOXIA ACCLIMATION
  • TELEOST FISH
  • BEHAVIORAL-RESPONSES
  • PLATICHTHYS-FLESUS
  • SEDIMENTS
  • MARINUS RAITT
  • Biology

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