On the impacts of phytoplankton-derived organic matter on the properties of the primary marine aerosol - Part 1: Source fluxes.

Elena Fuentes, Hugh Coe, David Green, Gerrit de Leeuw, Gordon B McFiggans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of biogenic dissolved and colloidal organic matter on the production of submicron primary sea-spray aerosol was investigated via the simulation of bubble bursting in seawater enriched with phytoplankton-released organics. Seawater samples collected along a transect off the West African coast during the RHaMBLe cruise (RRS Discovery cruise D319), conducted as part of the SOLAS UK program, were analysed in order to identify the dominant oceanic algal species in a region of high biological activity. Cultures of microalgal strains representative of the species found in the collected seawater were grown in order to produce natural bioexudate. Colloidal plus dissolved organic fraction in this material remaining after 175 mu M was required to observe a significant impact on the size distribution, which implies that effects are expected to be substantial only in high biological activity areas abundant with diatom algal populations. The laboratory findings were in agreement with analogous bubble-bursting experiments conducted with unfiltered oceanic seawater collected during the RHaMBLe cruise, which revealed a higher production of particles with D-p0 <100 nm at regions with high biological activity. These findings suggest that the increase in the atmospheric aerosol modal sizes from winter to summer, reported by long-term observations in North Atlantic waters, is not directly due to an impact of the higher primary organic matter production occurring during warm periods. A novel sub-micrometric size-resolved source flux function, explicitly defined as a function of the diatomaceous exudate concentration, was derived from the size distribution measurements and the estimation of the fractional whitecap coverage. According to the defined parameterisation, a 300 mu M OC
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9295-9317
Number of pages23
JournalATMOS CHEM PHYS
Volume10
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • BOUNDARY-LAYER
  • SEA-SALT
  • SIZE DISTRIBUTION
  • WHITECAP COVERAGE
  • HYGROSCOPIC GROWTH
  • REACTIVE UPTAKE
  • OPTICAL-PROPERTIES
  • SOUTHERN-OCEAN
  • Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
  • EQUATORIAL PACIFIC
  • BREAKING WAVES

Cite this