Oceans of opportunity or rough seas? What does the future hold for developments in European marine policy?

Tavis Potts, Tim O'higgins, Emily Hastings

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12 Citations (Scopus)
228 Downloads (Pure)


The management of European seas is undergoing a process of major reform. In the past, oceans and coastal policy has traditionally evolved in a fragmented and uncoordinated manner, developed by different sector-based agencies and arms of government with competing aims and objectives. Recently, the call for integrated and ecosystem-based approaches has driven the conceptualization of a new approach. At the scale of Europe through the Integrated Maritime Policy and Marine Strategy Framework Directive and in national jurisdictions such as the Marine and Coastal Access Act in the United Kingdom, ecosystem-based planning is becoming the norm. There are major challenges to this process and this paper explores, in particular, the opportunities inherent in building truly integrated approaches that cross different sectors of activity, integrate across scales, incorporate public involvement and build a sense of oceans citizenship.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Pages (from-to)5682-5700
Number of pages18
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biologic
Issue number1980
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2012



  • European Marine Policy

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