It has been suggested that gluten consumption is linked to schizophrenia, with this link strengthened through the presence of circulating anti-native gliadin antibodies (AGAs). The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system is crucial for antigen presentation and antibody secretion but no study has examined the relationship between HLA-II variants and circulating antibodies against gliadin peptides. In this study, HLA-II variants were genotyped in patients with schizophrenia and the relationship between these variants and plasma AGA levels was examined. Although there was no association found, HLA-AGA associations could potentially serve as a marker of gluten sensitivity in patients with schizophrenia.
- Gluten antibodies; HLA; schizophrenia