Rural areas in general, and mountain regions in particular, face complex and rapid changes, and are moving up policy agendas. These diverse changes tend to be interlinked, and thus need to be addressed in interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral ways. People living in rural and mountain areas need new approaches to ensure the sustainable development of these areas. Recognising the various potential markets, the UHI Millennium Institute has developed an on-line MSc in Managing Sustainable Mountain/Rural Development. Most of the taught course structure is common to both named degrees; the differences are with regard to initial core courses and assessed work. The first students started in September 2004.