Vitamin C (ascorbic acid, AA) is an antioxidant that acts as a free radical scavenger and cofactor for several important enzymatic reactions, thus being important for normal cellular functions, growth and development. Accumulation of AA in cells depends on two types of sodium-dependent vitamin C transporters (SVCTs), designed as SVCT1 and SVCT2. In human, they are the products of SLC23A1 and SLC23A2 genes, respectively. In the present work, the molecular cloning of the cDNAs corresponding to slc23a1 and slc23a2 in a teleost fish, the Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup, 1858) is first described. Sequence analysis of the predicted polypeptides revealed a conserved topology with those of mammals with important motifs involved in structure and function, being also present in svct1 and svct2. Phylogenetic analyses including a range of vertebrate SVCTs suggest that both transporters are the result of an ancient gene duplication event that occurred prior to the divergence of tetrapods and teleosts, which took place 450 million years ago. Expression profiles in juvenile tissues and during larval development were analyzed using a real-time PCR approach. In juvenile fish, slc23a1 was strongly expressed in intestine, whereas slc23a2 exhibited a widespread distribution in tissues. Transcripts of both genes were detected at early developmental stages, probably representing mRNAs of maternal origin. A possible regulation by their own substrate was detected after first uptakes of AA from diet in both genes. During metamorphosis, both slc23a1 and slc23a2 were down-regulated, the former in a thyroid hormone (TH) dependent way. This pattern coincided with a significant reduction in the AA content of larvae during metamorphosis. These results are interpreted in a physiological context of general reduction in the metabolism of metamorphic larvae. Data presented here provide the first step toward a better understanding of the physiological role of SVCTs in teleost fish.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B-Biochemistry & Molecular Biology|
|Early online date||30 Nov 2011|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2012|
- Senegalese sole
- Vitamin C