### Abstract

One of the main applications of Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRPs) in construction is in the confinement of reinforced concrete (RC) columns. The performance of FRP-confined concrete in circular columns has been extensively investigated and the efficiency of models available in literature is nowadays considered to be satisfactory. However, the case of FRP-confinement of rectangular RC sections is a more complex problem, the mechanism of which has not yet been adequately described. The aim of this work is to try and simplify the problem by proposing an iterative procedure based on the outcome of 3D FEM analysis run by the authors. An interesting outcome is that the so-called arching effect is never observed: indeed, the unconfined regions are partially confined and provide a certain contribution to the overall strength of the rectangular RC sections. Based on a system of “generalized springs”, well-known stress-strain laws and a failure criterion, a simplified mechanical model that gives the stress-strain behaviour of a rectangular RC section confined by FRPs under concentric load is proposed. The algorithm takes into account all parameters available to designers, such as corner rounding radius, stiffness of the FRP and concrete strength, while it can be easily understood and implemented. Its results are found to correlate adequately to recent experimental data yielded by large-scale tests on FRP-confined rectangular RC columns. Finally, in order to further evaluate the performance of this material model, it was implemented in the simulation of a series of experimental tests of FRP-retrofitted square RC columns under cyclic lateral loading simulating earthquake loads and simultaneous constant axial compression, performed by Memon and Sheikh [1]. In particular, all specimens were simulated using nonlinear fiber elements, in which the FRP-confined concrete was modelled using the aforementioned material model. Comparison between the numerical and experimental hysteresis of the column is indicative of the effectiveness of the implemented modelling.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering |

Place of Publication | Crete, Greece |

Publication status | Published - 24 Jun 2019 |

Event | 7th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (COMPDYN 2019) - Heraclion, Greece Duration: 24 Jun 2019 → 26 Jun 2019 |

### Conference

Conference | 7th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (COMPDYN 2019) |
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Abbreviated title | COMPDYN 2019 |

Country | Greece |

City | Heraclion |

Period | 24/06/19 → 26/06/19 |

### Keywords

- Confinement
- FRP
- Concrete
- Rectangular
- Model
- Stress-Strain Behaviour

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## Cite this

Papavasileiou, G., & Megalooikonomou, K. (2019). Modeling of FRP-Confinement of Large-Scale Rectangular RC Columns. In

*Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering*