Marine biosecurity: protecting indigenous marine species

Elizabeth Cook, Robin Payne, Adrian Macleod, Sarah Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

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Abstract

Nonindigenous species (NIS) are those that have been intentionally or unintentionally introduced outside of their native range as a consequence of human activity. If these species then threaten indigenous species and biodiversity, and/or cause economic damage, they are referred to
as “invasive.” Biological invasions are not only one of the greatest threats to indigenous marine biodiversity, but they can also cause massive economic and ecological damage. Their presence could also lead to a water body failing to achieve good environmental status under the forth - coming EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive. As the rate of invasion to Great Britain and
European waters continues to increase, particularly in light of climate change, the emphasis by member states is on prevention rather than on control or eradication an NIS once an invasive NIS has become established. This paper reviews NIS biosecurity planning for the marine environ - ment, including the most current legislative background, pathway identification and highlights
the main issues with the current risk assessment processes. The potential impacts of marine NIS, practical biosecurity measures from Great Britain and internationally are also reviewed. The aim of this paper is to draw attention to the challenges associated with preventing the introduction of marine NIS and to highlight the urgent need for concerted action across the EU member states
and marine industries to produce robust biosecurity plans to protect indigenous species
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalResearch and Reports in Biodiversity Studies
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2016

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