Mapping of the immunophilin-immunosuppressant site of interaction on calcineurin

Holger Husi, Marcel A. Luyten, Mauro G.M. Zurini

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49 Citations (Scopus)


The interaction of the immunosuppressive complexes cyclosporin A-cyclophilin A and FK506 binding protein-FK506 with the Ca(2+)- and calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase calcineurin has been investigated by means of photoaffinity labeling and chemical cross-linking. Photolabeling of purified bovine brain calcineurin with the affinity label [O-[4-[4-(1-diazo-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)benzoyl]aminobutanoyl]-D- serine8]cyclosporin in the presence of cyclophilin A results, in addition to the labeling of cyclophilin itself, in the transfer of some of the chemical probe to both the catalytic subunit A and the regulatory subunit B of calcineurin. Chemical cross-linking studies with disuccinimidyl suberate in the presence of either cyclophilin A, B, or C in complex with cyclosporin A or FK506 binding protein-FK506 result on the other hand in the apparently exclusive and strictly immunosuppressant-dependent formation of covalent immunophilin-calcineurin B subunit products. Cross-linking of immunophilins to calcineurin B subunit requires the presence of subunit A. In the present study, using a set of recombinant maltose-binding protein fusion products representing different stretches of the catalytic subunit A, we were able to map the minimal calcineurin A sequence necessary for immunophilin-ligand-calcineurin B interaction to occur.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14199-14204
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 1994


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