Loss of buoyancy control in the copepod Calanus finmarchicus

Jonathan H Cohen, Kim S Last, Jack Waldie, David W Pond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A mechanism is demonstrated that could explain large-scale aggregations of lipid-rich copepods in the surface waters of marine environments. Laboratory experiments establish that changes in salinity and temperature induce lipid-mediated buoyancy instability that entrains copepods in surface waters. Reduced hydrostatic pressure associated with forced ascent of copepods at fjordic sills, shelf breaks and seamounts would also reduce the density of the lipid reserves, forcing copepods and particularly those in diapause to the surface. We propose that salinity, temperature and hydrodynamics of the physical environment, in conjunction with the biophysical properties of lipids, explain periodic high abundances of lipid-rich copepods in surface waters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-790
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Plankton Research
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • salinity
  • temperature
  • pressure
  • lipid phase transition
  • depth regulation

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