Long-term survival of marine planktonic diatoms and dinoflagellates in stored sediment samples

J Lewis, A S D Harris, Ken Jones, R L Edmonds

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111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sediment samples from Scottish coastal sites, taken over the last 9 years, were stored in closed containers at 5 degrees C. Slurry cultures were used to determine the survival of phytoplankton in these sediments. A range of diatom and dinoflagellate species survived for at least 27 months in these stored samples. A number of species grew for which no resting stage has yet been described: Thalassiosira angulata, T.pacifica, T.punctigera, T.eccentrica, T.minima and T.anguste-lineata. Notable results were survival times of 73 months for Skeletonema costatum, 96 months for Chaetoceros socialis, C.didymus and C.diadema, 109 months for Scrippsiella sp. and 112 months for Lingulo-dinium polyedrum. A single sample was stored and repeatedly cultured for diatoms over a period of 16 months. The number of species cultured from the sediment declined over this time. Lingulo-dinium polyedrum cysts isolated from sediments collected at least 18 months previously gave a hatching success of 97% and cysts isolated from a 9-year-old sample gave a hatching success of 3%. The study indicates the potential importance of coastal sediments as a source of phytoplankton to their overlying waters. The validity of using marine planktonic diatoms and dinoflagellates for modelling geological events is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-354
Number of pages12
JournalJ PLANKTON RES
Volume21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • DINOPHYCEAE
  • WATER
  • BLOOMS
  • RESTING SPORES
  • BACILLARIOPHYCEAE
  • Marine & Freshwater Biology
  • LOCH
  • FECAL PELLETS
  • Oceanography
  • CYSTS
  • GONYAULAX-TAMARENSIS
  • GERMINATION

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    Lewis, J., Harris, A. S. D., Jones, K., & Edmonds, R. L. (1999). Long-term survival of marine planktonic diatoms and dinoflagellates in stored sediment samples. J PLANKTON RES, 21(2), 343-354.