Late Neogene to Pleistocene palynological facies of the Peruvian continental margin upwelling, Leg 112

A. J. Powell, J. D. Dodge, J. Lewis

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112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main objectives of this study are (1) to characterize the spatial and temporal variations in organic matter deposited in upwelling and related sediments (manifest in the palynoclast and organic-walled microplankton assemblages) and (2) to relate these variations to paleoenvironmental changes. A total of 40 samples from Holes 679D, 680B, 681B, 686B, and 687B were analyzed. Cysts of heterotrophic peridiniacean dinoflagellates (P-cysts) dominate the microplankton assemblages, with variable levels of cysts of autotrophic gonyaulacacean dinoflagellates (G-cysts). Samples dominated by P-cysts are derived largely from laminated, unbioturbated units deposited under the influence of strong upwelling. A lower abundance of P-cysts in some samples is restricted to unlaminated, bioturbated units deposited under oxygenated conditions. We conclude that the ratio of P-cysts to G-cysts is a useful indicator of variable upwelling strength. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-321
Number of pages25
JournalScientific Results
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 1990

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