Inflammatory and immune responses are involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Interleukin-6 (IL-6), an inflammatory cytokine, is thought to play a role in neurodegeneration of the central nervous system and has been associated with increased amyloid precursor protein expression in vitro and greater cognitive decline. Previously a C−174G polymorphism in the promoter of IL-6, which influences expression in vitro, has been found associated in some studies but not all. We investigated this polymorphism in a large independent UK sample of AD cases (n=356) and controls (n=434) but found no association. We extended the study to genotype/phenotype correlations but found no correlation with age of onset (n=338), brain amyloid load (n=126) or Tau load (n=101), brain microglial cell load (n=65) or brain reactive astrocytes (n=127). Our data do not support a pathogenic role in AD for the C−174G polymorphism in isolation.
- Alzheimer's disease
- amyloid load
- microglial cell load
- reactive astrocytes
Zhang, P. Y., Hayes, AJ., Pritchard, A., Thaker, U., Haque, MS., Lemmon, H., Harris, R. J., Cumming, A., Lambert, JC., Chartier-Harlin, MC., St Clair, D., Iwatsubo, T., Mann, DM., & Lendon, C. L. (2004). Interleukin-6 promoter polymorphism: risk and pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Neuroscience Letters, 362(2), 99-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2004.03.008