Integrated health and social care in the community: A critical integrative review of the experiences and well-being needs of service users and their families

Louise Henderson, Heather Bain, Elaine Allan, Catriona Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

A need for people-centred health and social support systems is acknowledged as a global priority. Most nations face challenges in providing safe, effective, timely, affordable, coordinated care around the needs and preferences of people who access integrated health and social care (IHSC) services. Much of the current research in the field focuses on describing and evaluating specific models for delivering IHSC. Fewer studies focus on person-centred experiences, needs and preferences of people who use these services. However, current international guidance for integrated care sets a precedence of person-centred integrated care that meets the health and well-being needs of people who access IHSC services. This integrative literature review synthesises empirical literature from six databases (CINAHL; MEDLINE; AMED; TRIP; Web of Science and Science Direct; 2007–2019). This review aims to better understand the experiences and health and well-being needs of people who use IHSC services in a community setting. Twenty studies met the inclusion criteria and results were thematically analysed. Three overarching themes were identified, including relationships, promoting health and well-being and difficulty understanding systems. Findings of this review indicate that relationships hold significance in IHSC. People who access IHSC services felt that they were not always involved in planning their care and that there was a lack of clarity in navigating integrated systems; subsequently, this impacted upon their experiences of those services. However, service user and informal carer voices appear to be underrepresented in current literature and studies that included their views were found to be of low quality overall. Collectively, these findings support the need for further research that explores the person-centred experiences and needs of people who access IHSC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1145-1168
Number of pages24
JournalHealth and Social Care in the Community
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • community
  • experience
  • integrated health and social care
  • needs
  • relationships
  • service user

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