Inhibition of platelet activation by nitric oxide (NO) is not exclusively cGMP-dependent. Here, we tested whether inhibition of platelet aggregation by structurally distinct NO donors is mediated by different mechanisms, partly determined by the site of NO release. Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), sodium nitroprusside (SNP), S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), diethylamine diazeniumdiolate (DEA/NO), and a novel S-nitrosothiol, RIG200, were examined in ADP (8 microM)- and collagen (2.5 microgram/ml)-activated human platelet rich plasma. GTN was a poor inhibitor of aggregation whilst the other NO donors inhibited aggregation, irrespective of agonist. These effects were abolished by the NO scavenger, hemoglobin (Hb; 10 microM, P <0.05, n = 6), except with high concentrations of DEA/NO, when NO concentrations exceeded the capacity of Hb. However, experiments with the soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor, ODQ (100 microM), indicated that only SNP-mediated inhibition was exclusively cGMP-dependent. Furthermore, the cGMP-independent effects of S-nitrosothiols were distinct from those of DEA/NO, suggesting that different NO-related mediators (e.g., nitrosonium and peroxynitrite, respectively) are responsible for their actions.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|