Inducible nitric oxide synthase activity does not contribute to the maintenance of peripheral vascular tone in patients with heart failure

Anna R Dover, Stanley Chia, James W Ferguson, Nicholas L Cruden, Ian L Megson, Keith A A Fox, David E Newby

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Abstract

Enhanced iNOS (inducible nitric oxide synthase) activity may contribute to vascular dysfunction in patients with heart failure. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether iNOS activity contributes to the maintenance of vascular tone in patients with symptomatic heart failure with the use of the highly selective iNOS inhibitor 1400W {N-[3-(aminomethyl)benzyl] acetamidine}. Bilateral forearm blood flow was measured using venous occlusion plethysmography in 12 patients with New York Heart Association class II-IV heart failure and eight matched healthy control subjects during intra-brachial infusion of 1400W (0.1-1 micromol/min), L-NMMA (N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine; a non-selective NOS inhibitor; 2-8 micromol/min) and noradrenaline (control vasoconstrictor; 60-480 pmol/min). In both patients and controls, intra-brachial infusion of L-NMMA and noradrenaline caused a dose-dependent reduction in infused forearm blood flow (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-80
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Science (London, England : 1979)
Volume111
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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