Impacts of climate change on non-native species

Elizabeth Cottier-Cook, Christine Beveridge, John DD Bishop, Juliet Brodie, Paul Clark, Graham Epstein, Stuart Jenkins, David Johns, Jennifer Loxton, Adrian Macleod, Christine Maggs, Dan Minchin, Frederick Mineur, Jack Sewell, Christine Wood

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Abstract

Anthropogenic changes to climate and extreme weather events have already led to the introduction of non-native species (NNS) to the North Atlantic. Regional climate models predict that there will be a continuation of the current trend of warming throughout the 21st century providing enhanced opportunities for NNS at each stage of the invasion process.

Increasing evidence is now available to show that climate change has led to the northwards range expansion of a number of NNS in the UK and Ireland, such as the Asian club tunicate Styela clava and the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas.

Providing definitive evidence though of the direct linkage between climate change and the spread of the majority of NNS is extremely challenging, due to other confounding factors, such as anthropogenic activity

Localised patterns of water movement and food supply may also be complicating the overall pattern of northwards range expansion, by preventing the expansion of some NNS, such as the slipper limpet Crepidula fornicata and the Chilean oyster Ostrea chilensis, from a particular region.

A greater understanding of the other aspects of climate change and increased atmospheric CO2, such as increased rainfall, heat waves, frequency of storm events, and ocean acidification may aid in increasing the confidence that scientists have in predicting the long term influence of climate change on the introduction, spread and establishment of NNS.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherMarine Climate Change Impacts Partnership
Number of pages11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Non Natives
  • Decadal Review
  • Impacts
  • Climate Change
  • invasive alien species
  • invasive non-native species
  • Marine

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  • Cite this

    Cottier-Cook, E., Beveridge, C., Bishop, J. DD., Brodie, J., Clark, P., Epstein, G., Jenkins, S., Johns, D., Loxton, J., Macleod, A., Maggs, C., Minchin, D., Mineur, F., Sewell, J., & Wood, C. (2013). Impacts of climate change on non-native species. Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership. https://doi.org/10.14465/2013.arc17.155-166