Ignition delay control of DME/air and EtOH/air homogeneous autoignition with the use of various additives

Efstathios Al Tingas, Dimitrios C. Kyritsis, Dimitris A. Goussis

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20 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of selected additives on the ignition delay of ethanol (EtOH)/air and dimethylether (DME)/air mixture is investigated. Computational Singular Perturbation (CSP) tools are utilized in an effort to determine algorithmically which species to select as additives and it is established that CSP can identify species whose addition to the mixture can affect ignition delay. However, this is not a necessary condition for additives to be effective. Additives that are not identified by CSP can have a substantial effect on ignition delay, provided that they drastically alter the prevailing chemistry, by altering the instant in time when the thermal runaway regime develops. Some of the additives that were studied computationally are unstable radicals whose injection in practical mixtures is unrealistic. However, chemically stable, relatively light species were also determined that can drastically affect ignition delay, such as hydrogen peroxide, formaldehyde and acetaldehyde.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016



  • Computational Singular Perturbation
  • DME/EtOH autoignition
  • Explosive timescales
  • Model reduction

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