Hydrostatic pressure receptors and depth usage in crustacea and fish.

Peter J. Fraser, S.F. Cruickshank, Richard L. Shelmerdine, L.E. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The discovery that small changes in hydrostatic pressure were coded by angular acceleration receptors in the crab with a mechanism involving nanometer level displacements of mechanoreceptors by differential compression of cuticular and cellular tissues [1], has pointed to a set of sensory signals fundamentally involved in navigation in a much broader range of animals. Neural correlates of hydrostatic pressure cycles have been found in a variety of crustacean equilibrium systems [2]. A more recent study has also shown that angular acceleration receptors in the semicircular canal system of the shark Scyliorhinus respond to small steps and cycles of hydrostatic pressure [3]. In order to investigate rates of changes and absolute changes in hydrostatic pressure detected by these sensory systems, we used pressure chambers together with a tide machine or a voltage controlled pressure regulator to subject balancing system neurones to steps and cycles of hydrostatic pressure, using spike density as a measure of activity. In a variety of species, responses obtained fell into the range expected from the known ranges of depth and rates of change of depth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-165
Number of pages6
JournalNavigation: Journal of the Institute of Navigation
Volume55
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

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