Heavy metal-induced inhibition of photosynthesis: targets of in vivo heavy metal chlorophyll formation

Hendrik Küpper, Ivan Setlik, Martin Spiller, Frithjof Küpper, Ondrej Prasil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

235 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The targets of heavy metal (here Cu2+ and Zn2+) attack on the photosynthetic apparatus of algae belonging to different phyla were investigated. Experiments with the green alga Scenedesmus quadricauda confirmed previous findings that according to the irradiance level two different phenomena occur, which were further characterized by specific changes in several photosynthetic parameters. The reaction occurring under low irradiance (shade reaction) is characterized by heavy metal substitution of Mg2+ in chl molecules bound predominantly in the light harvesting complex II of Chlorophyta (LHC II). Under high irradiance (sun reaction) the LHC II chls are inaccessible to substitution and the damage occurs in the PSII reaction center instead. Algae with antenna proteins other than the LHC II did not show the two types of heavy metal attack at different irradiances. In red algae (Antithamnion plumula) , low Cu2+ concentrations induced the sun reaction even at very low irradiance. In brown algae (Ectocarpus siliculosus ) the shade reaction occurred even in saturating irradiance. These results also indicate that despite some similarity in their features, the primary step of the sun reaction and photoinhibition is different.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-441
Number of pages13
JournalJ PHYCOL
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • THYLAKOID MEMBRANES
  • OXIDATIVE DAMAGE
  • SUBSTITUTED CHLOROPHYLLS
  • Marine & Freshwater Biology
  • BROWN ALGA
  • CU(II)-INHIBITORY BINDING-SITE
  • FUCUS-VESICULOSUS
  • ELECTRON-TRANSPORT
  • WATER PLANTS
  • PHOTOSYSTEM-II
  • Plant Sciences
  • HIGHER-PLANTS

Cite this