HAB detection within Aquaculture Industry: A Case Study in the Atlantic Area*

Bruna Guterres, Kauê Sbrissa, Amanda Mendes, Lucas Meireles, Lucie Novoveska, Francisca Vermeulen, Javier Martinez, Aitor Garcia, Lisl Lain, Marié Smith, Paulo Drews, Nelson Duarte, Vinicius Oliveira, Marcelo Pias, Silvia Botelho, Rafaela Machado

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Fisheries and aquaculture industries notably contribute to animal-source protein production worldwide. Climate change is creating environmental conditions suitable for harmful algal blooms (HAB) on a global scale. Some phytoplankton species can also release toxins, which may cause large-scale marine mortality with knock-on effects on coastal economies. Reliable phytoplankton monitoring and early HAB detection are also essential in climate-resilient solutions for aquaculture applications. Currently, phytoplankton monitoring is primarily based on traditional microscopy. However, it is time-consuming and requires an experienced taxonomist. There is a need to expedite and automate phytoplankton monitoring to support aquaculture industries. Analytical instruments based on microscopy coupled with artificial intelligence (AI) models may be vital to monitoring applications. Digital plankton data sets are usually imbalanced and reflect natural environmental differences. The lack of data to represent minority species/genera prevents AI models from understanding some taxa completely. It compromises system reliability for HAB monitoring applications. The present study investigates state-of-the-art models for class imbalance problems tailored for HAB monitoring within multi-trophic aquaculture farms from Brazil, South Africa, and Scotland. A unified benchmark database covering publicly available microscopic image-based datasets supported phytoplankton modelling. AI deep collaborative models and threshold moving techniques provided the best results compared to standard architectures. It prevailed, especially for low-abundant yet toxic organisms.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2023
Event2023 IEEE 21st International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN) - Lemgo, Germany
Duration: 18 Jul 202320 Jul 2023


Conference2023 IEEE 21st International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN)


  • Harmful Algal Blooms
  • Class Imbalance
  • Climate Change
  • Aquaculture
  • Deep Learning


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