Goose in the hole! A collection of goose bones from a medieval kiln site in Norfolk

Julia E.M. Cussans, Antony R.R. Mustchin

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2 Citations (Scopus)


A large collection of goose bones was recovered from excavations at Wheatcroft Farm, Bradwell, Norfolk. The goose bones were of particular interest due to the large quantity present and the presence of medullary bone in some of the specimens. All of the goose bones derived from two 11th-12th century contexts found in close association with a grain drying kiln and related sunken structure. The majority of the bones came from a single posthole. Evidence from body part representation, butchery marks and the occurrence of medullary bone is examined. Domestic geese are common on medieval sites in England and the element distribution and butchery marks are suggestive of waste from carcass preparation for cooking, with the meatiest elements largely having been removed. It seems possible that goose ‘crowns’ were being prepared and then cooked in or close to the kiln. The presence of medullary bone is unusual due to the more seasonal laying behaviour of geese compared to chickens and is examined in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-112
Number of pages7
JournalQuaternary International
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2022


  • Butchery waste
  • East Anglia
  • Geese
  • Kiln
  • Medieval
  • Medullary bone


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