Genetic variability of Brazilian strains of Microcystis aeruginosa complex (Cyanophyceae/Cyanobacteria) using the phycocyanin intergenic spacer and flanking regions

M C Bittencourt-Oliviera, M C Oliviera, Chris J S Bolch

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Abstract

Brazilian strains of Microcystis aeruginosa (Kutz.) Kutz. collected from four locations was examined and compared with several reference strains of M. aeruginosa, M. viridis (A. Br.) Lemm. and M. wesenbergii (Kom.) Kom. in Kondr. Brazilian strains were classified by morphological features and by comparison of the nucleotide sequences of the cpcBA intergenic spacer and flanking regions. Our results indicate that Brazilian strains classified as M. aeruginosa are phylogenetically diverse compared with reference strains of M. aeruginosa and that the current taxonomy underestimates genetic diversity within M. aeruginosa. The data also demonstrate that morphological criteria alone are inadequate to characterize Microcystis species. Although colonial characters were shown to vary considerably in culture, some genetic lineages demonstrated consistent cellular diameter ranges, indicating that cell size has value as a taxonomic character. The detection of six M. aeruginosa genotypes in a single water body indicates that morphological approaches can also seriously underestimate the diversity of Microcystis bloom populations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)810-818
Number of pages9
JournalJ PHYCOL
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Keywords

  • NODULARIA CYANOBACTERIA
  • RIBOSOMAL-RNA SEQUENCES
  • POLYMORPHISMS
  • GENUS MICROCYSTIS
  • Marine & Freshwater Biology
  • CULTURES
  • PHYLOGENETIC-RELATIONSHIPS
  • 16S
  • DIVERSITY
  • Plant Sciences

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